It is difficult to believe that there are countries that can be generating all of its electricity from renewable sources, but it is already a reality. The following 5 are the top renewable energy countries:
1) Iceland. As many people know, Iceland is one of the top renewable energy countries due to the large amount of geothermal power it produces. 27 percent of electricity is via geothermal in Iceland, and the remaining 73 percent is supplied via hydro. So, Iceland is 100 percent renewable!
2) Norway. This country is also number 1, since 100 percent of its power comes from renewable sources as well. 99 percent of Norway’s electricity is generated by hydro, and the remaining 1 percent comes from other renewable sources. So, Norway is one of the best alternative energy countries in the world.
3) Costa Rica. Also doing pretty well on the scale of renewable energy countries, Costa Rica generates 94 percent of its power from renewable sources. 76 percent of that comes from hydro, and the remaining 18 percent is generated from other renewable sources (mainly geothermal power).
4) Brazil. The next on our list of alternative energy countries is Brazil, with 87 percent of its power coming from hydro and other alternative energy sources.
5) Colombia. Surprisingly, it is also one of the top renewable energy countries, since 80 percent of its energy comes from renewable sources (mostly hydro). (To read about the top renewable energy sources to replace oil by 2050, click here).
Unfortunately, there are also nations that are at the bottom of alternative energy countries, which depend on carbon-intensive or non-renewable sources of energy entirely (mainly coal):
1) Poland. It is regretful to say that Poland generates 96 percent of its electricity from coal.
2) South Africa. This country also receives a large dose of its electricity from coal, but slightly less than Poland, at 93 percent.
3) Estonia. Slightly higher is Estonia, where coal generates about 90 percent of the country’s electricity.
4) China. This country is currently the world leader in greenhouse gas emissions, and 80 percent of its electricity is generated by coal. This is largely connected to powering so many factories to make goods for foreign export – much like those goods you will buy in American department stores, for example. China’s government is pushing for more installation of solar and wind power, and hydropower facilities as well. However, new coal-fired power plants are also being build in large amounts, which counteracts those efforts. (To read about renewable energy storage methods, click here).
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