Oil Refining Process for Dummies
Treating and blending the fractions is the last step in the oil refining process. The fractions are treated to make sure all impurities are removed. This is a necessary step to remove any water, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, dissolved metals, and other impurities. The first step in this process is to pass the fractions through a sulfuric acid column, which will remove any unsaturated hydrocarbons, oxygen compounds, residual solids like asphalt and tar, and nitrogen compounds. Then the fractions are sent through an absorption column, and this column has been filled with drying agents to take out any water in the fractions. The last step is to send the fraction products through sulfur treatment and hydrogen sulfide scrubbers. This step will remove any included sulfur compounds and sulfur.
The oil refining process may seem very complex, with many complicated steps, but this does not have to be the case. The oil refining process for dummies can help you understand exactly how oil is processed, and why we need to move away from fossil fuels, including oil. The oil refining process starts with crude oil, which is what comes out of the ground. Crude oil can be thick or thin, clean or a deep black, and this substance contains hydrocarbons. These components are what causes harmful carbon emissions when gasoline and other fossil fuels are burned. Hydrocarbons make up eighty five percent of crude oil, and these molecules have both carbon and hydrogen atoms. Hydrocarbons can come in many different shapes, lengths, and structure types.
Fractional distillation is only the first step in the oil refining process. The next step in the process of refining oil is chemical processing. This can be done using one of three different methods, cracking, unification, and alteration. Cracking involves breaking large hydrocarbon chains into smaller chains, or cracking the chain into pieces. This method can use thermal cracking or catalytic cracking. Once cracking is done the products are usually sent back through the fractional distillation process. Unification involves using smaller pieces and combining them to make larger products. Alteration is when the hydrocarbons are rearranged to make other hydrocarbons and products. This is normally done by a process called alkylation, where low molecular weight compounds are mixed when a catalyst is present, and this results in high octane hydrocarbons.
Once the fraction products are finished being treated, they are allowed to cool even further, and then combined together to make the final end products. These end products from the blending of the fractions include gasoline of all different grades, both without and with various additives, different grades and weights of lubricating oils, jet fuel, diesel fuel, kerosene of all the various grades, heating oil, and various chemicals that are used in the making of polymers and assorted plastics. The end products complete the oil refining process.
- When Should We Expect Biodiesel Alternative Fuel on Mass Market?
- Where are Crude Oil Pipelines in the US?
- Is Peak Oil a Myth? 5 Reasons Why We Think So - Part 2
- 3 Reasons why large profits aren’t enough to keep big oil companies from panicking- Part 2
- Oil and Natural Gas Drilling under Arctic Ice Cap
18 Responses to “Oil Refining Process for Dummies”
Leave a Reply
You must be logged in to post a comment.
I have heard a lot on this discuss, but it seems to me that your point are the best.I like the post very much.September 6th, 2010 at 6:58 am
Great post. Thanks. I just tag your article to my facebook page.September 6th, 2010 at 6:57 am
VRy useful to understand it 😛September 5th, 2010 at 5:05 pm
Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I¡¯ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!September 3rd, 2010 at 5:05 pm
Just wanted to give you a shout from the valley of the sun, great information. Much appreciated.September 2nd, 2010 at 6:49 am
This has truly sparked up an idea in my mind. That is a wonderful website publish.September 1st, 2010 at 3:15 am
I enjoyed the post. There is some good information here to bookmark.August 31st, 2010 at 11:01 am
That’s some inspirational things. In no way knew that ideas could possibly be this varied. Thanks for all the enthusiasm to provide such useful information below….August 30th, 2010 at 3:47 pm
In June, with critics comparing the Gulf to Hurricane Katrina, Obama announced the “British Petroleum” oil spill the “worst environmental disaster the US has ever faced”. America’s grubby politicians, green-lobby tub-thumpers, compensation claimants and their mega-bucks lawyers went completely ballistic every night on prime-time TV. However with more than 4,000 oil wells in the Gulf, the ecosystem is used to seepage, the light oil dissipated quickly in its warm waters, and powerful currents from the enormous Mississippi Delta swept much of it away from the shore. Today the pristine beaches are back to normal but Obama’s poisonous remarks have wiped £45 billion off the value of BP, damaged millions of US and UK pensions, and wrecked the tourist trade.August 30th, 2010 at 2:00 pm
I read the article and am suspicious as to why these workers were not drug tested before hiring by the contractors as is usual. Just wondering if the reports of workers getting sick has BP worried financially. Workers on drugs or alcohol will have suppressed immune systems and the place is toxic after all. And I remember BP not allowing face masks and protective clothing. Is BP getting worrried about earlier bad decisions and possible legal action coming back to haunt them? In any case drug testing is usual but retro on a large scale seems clean-up.August 30th, 2010 at 12:36 am
In June, with critics comparing the Gulf to Hurricane Katrina, Obama announced the “British Petroleum” oil spill the “worst environmental disaster the US has ever faced”. America’s grubby politicians, green-lobby tub-thumpers, compensation claimants and their mega-bucks lawyers went completely ballistic every night on prime-time TV. However with more than 4,000 oil wells in the Gulf, the ecosystem is used to seepage, the light oil dissipated quickly in its warm waters, and powerful currents from the enormous Mississippi Delta swept much of it away from the shore. Today the pristine beaches are back to normal but Obama’s poisonous remarks have wiped £45 billion off the value of BP, damaged millions of US and UK pensions, and wrecked the tourist trade.August 29th, 2010 at 11:33 pm
love this post! A lot of fantastic information for anyone to understand. Can’t wait to read more from youAugust 27th, 2010 at 10:15 am
Absolutely brilliant post guys, been following your blog for 3 days now and i should say i am starting to like your post. and now how do i subscribe to your blog?August 25th, 2010 at 1:11 pm
I really like your site. Very good posts! Please continue posting such awesome cotent.August 25th, 2010 at 11:53 am
Lots of interesting information and I’m waiting for more, and to write.August 20th, 2010 at 2:39 pm
There must be more information available to prove that, i mean you gave enough information, and for anyone that doesn’t agree, I think you’re wrong because sometimes the stuff we don’t think will work does usually work out for us.August 18th, 2010 at 12:22 am
I am enquiring on sources of getting PRODECO OR another oil processing drying agent.September 4th, 2009 at 5:36 pm
This is a good article for beginners. My son and I came across it while researching oil refining. Thank you for the good work.January 22nd, 2009 at 6:28 pm