Biogas is actually created through digestion of wastewater biosolids in an anaerobic process at the Ontario, California recycling plant. The location currently serves around 850,000 residents in the San Bernadino County area and produces a configuration of high quality heat via a CHP (combined heat and power) process. Using FuelCell Energy for the fuel cells, they then accomplish the biogas to electricity process, reducing the nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide particulate matter emissions by approximately seventy to ninety percent.
While this biogas fuel cell power plant may be the largest in the world, it is not the only one in California. The FuelCell energy fuel cells are being used at three other power plants in the San Diego area where they make use of the wastewater treatment plant for the purified biogas. The growth of the fuel cell industry has been experiencing an uptick since 2011, with a 61% increase this year alone. The stationary large installations are diving much of the increase as governments, municipalities and businesses look to reduce their dependence on the electric grid and create their own energy.
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