The Energy Efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment report, released by IEA Technology, demonstrates how we can use heat pumps, solar thermal, and thermal energy storage in combination as power and heat for building construction for the CO2 emissions reductions by as much as 2 Gt (gigatonnes). This is approximately one quarter of the emissions of today’s buildings and would save around 710 million oil equivalent tons of energy by the year 2050.
The report involves replacing existing technology that could feasibly last thirty to one hundred years, in a rapid fashion as opposed to the buildings themselves. The ambitious goal is quite achievable, but will require complete organization and follow through on a scale never before seen. The main focus of the report includes: The addition of $3.5 billion (U.S.) by the year 2030 for increased R&D technology. More robust analysis metrics for the CO2 and energy savings, combined with their financial benefits over the life-cycle. Improvement on the information flow to consumers. A transformation within the market and deployment of policies to overcome current lower energy efficient and zero-carbon/low cooling and heating technologies. Larger involvement on an international level for R&D collaboration, development of best practice policies, programs for deployment and maximization of the benefits for policy intervention combined with technical knowledge transfer between regions and countries.
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